The United Nations (UN) peacekeeping missions mustn’t function in perpetuity and there’s an pressing want for time-bound exit methods to make sure they don’t change into devices for “furthering political interests”, India, one of many largest troop-contributing international locations, has mentioned.
India’s Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador TS Tirumurti mentioned the present peacekeeping operations are multi-dimensional and are referred to as upon to not solely keep peace and safety but additionally to facilitate the political processes, defend civilians, disarm combatants, help elections, defend and promote human rights and restore the rule of legislation.
“Peacekeeping missions are meant to be transitional measures and not operate in perpetuity. There is an urgent need for time-bound exit strategies to ensure that peacekeeping missions do not become instruments for furthering political interests,” he mentioned on the General Debate on Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations on Monday.
Highlighting India’s perspective on precedence points in UN peacekeeping, he mentioned efficiency of peacekeeping operations ought to be measured in relation to political and operational realities, priorities set for implementing mandate, and adequacy and appropriateness of assets.
Mr Tirumurti mentioned India has at all times voiced its help for the adoption of “No National Caveats Policy” at UN peacekeeping deployments.
“India believes that a caveat, whether declared or undeclared, places additional burden on those who do not have any caveats besides having an impact on performance of peacekeepers in fulfilling their mandate and safety and security,” he mentioned.
India has at all times referred to as for matching mandates with enough assets, Mr Tirumurti mentioned, underlining that “an under-resourced, under-equipped mission, will not only result in underperformance in mandate implementation, but will impact the credibility of UN peacekeeping as a whole”.
President of the UN General Assembly Volkan Bozkir mentioned the COVID-19 pandemic has put further challenges to the already complicated peacekeeping operations. Peace operations are additionally supporting government-led efforts to each forestall and put together for COVID-19 outbreaks on the nation stage.
“Amidst these daunting challenges, it is essential that we provide peacekeeping operations with clearly defined mandates and realisable objectives, adequate resources based on a realistic assessment of the situation on the ground, as well as secure financing,” he mentioned.
Mr Bozkir mentioned it was essential that the UN”s method retains tempo with, and responds to, evolving challenges and new threats and alternatives.
In this ever extra complicated and interconnected world, UN peace operations require fixed refinement, drawing on analytical and operational capabilities, whereas leveraging new know-how to extend their influence, he mentioned.
Mr Tirumurti mentioned that within the context of COVID-19, India was blissful to answer the request of UN Secretary-General and swiftly dispatch two medical groups and improve India’s peacekeeping hospitals in MONUSCO in Goma, DRC and in UNMISS in Juba, South Sudan.
“We are working closely with our partners on the vaccine front also and make available our facilities for all humanity,” he mentioned.
India pressured that trustworthy evaluation and suggestions for peacekeeping efficiency was important to have an efficient accountability system.
“Assessing performance without determining accountability will leave us open to repeating errors,” Mr Tirumurti mentioned, including that India helps the efficient implementation of Integrated Performance Policy Framework, which covers all stakeholders and all phases of peacekeeping operations, and never simply these on the bottom.
India strongly helps the SG’s Action for Peacekeeping (A4P) initiative, which requires sustained and efficient follow-up and implementation and appreciates the Secretary-General’s consideration to enhancing security and safety of UN peacekeeping personnel.
“With rising incidents of attacks, including from terrorists, and rising casualties, we need to do more to ‘protect the protectors”,” he mentioned.
India, nevertheless, voiced concern over the non-payment of price of service rendered by the Troop and Police Contributing Countries to the “closed” peacekeeping missions, saying this “unresolved” difficulty requires decision and thought of consideration.
According to a UN assertion, Under-Secretary-General for Peace Operations Jean-Pierre Lacroix mentioned the present session sends a strong message in help of peacekeeping personnel dealing with complicated challenges within the area amid the pandemic.
Mr Tirumurti asserted that India will push for the presence of extra girls in peacekeeping.
With a couple of million women and men having served underneath the UN flag in additional than 70 peacekeeping operations over the previous seven a long time, Mr Tirumurti recalled the “pioneering” efforts of India, particularly the primary all-women UN police peacekeeping contingent in Liberia – within the backdrop of “our own history of forming the first all-women Rani of Jhansi regiment of the Indian National Army of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose during India’s fight for independence.”